Bill Gates: The new curriculum for the common core will line up with the testing standards, “and it will unleash a market for people providing services for better teaching.” http://www.glennbeck.com/2013/09/24/did-bill-gates-admit-the-real-purpose-of-common-core/
This exposé names the corporate relationships represented on Pearson’s board of directors, which includes representation from some of the most influential financial advising/risk management firms, banks, power industries, publishers, mass media, technology manufacturers, and pharmaceutical industries. Common Core and Race-to-the-Top are federal reforms that require national annual testing.
On the one hand, those in support of reorganizing public education into a market-driven corporate model argue that the inherent competition offered by the structure of the “free” market and high-stakes testing of students will raise children’s achievement. The problem with that whole line of thought, on the other hand, is that public education is not just for those who excel at standardized tests in reading and mathematics. What will keep companies who monopolized the educational materials’ market from abandoning the many other things schools do, including the other subject areas, the socialization component that occurs when kids bond to their elementary school teachers, services for kids who struggle, learning support, teachers and career development services?
The most concerning issue is that publicly traded companies serve stake-holders, not the children and their parents as so-called “customers” of public education. Corporate education executives by-definition, serve stakeholders first. Stakeholders, in their financially-driven position, are less concerned about children’s achievement and more concerned with profit. With this in mind, I began to consider whose interest corporate schooling serves and exactly which corporate interests were at the table. Given the current focus on testing and that Pearson is a primary provider of that testing, I decided to begin with them.
A quick investigation of Pearson’s corporate relationships shows that Pearson: Always Learning board’s associations are nose deep with the mightiest of the U.S.A.’s and the U.K.’s financial advisors and investors, multi-national media and technology firms, and energy-related companies. First, I consider the associations that the current board members of Pearson: Always Learning (hereafter “Pearson”) bring to Pearson’s table because elite business networks must carefully select and draw from associations that can jointly organize the investments they make in the corporate markets created from taking over public institutionalized k-12 education. Who was involved in organizing this takeover? Whom private companies choose to contract is often private information. Thus, the by-association approach is an initial step. I believe that the biographies of board members from the companies that have benefited from the corporatization of public schools, will begin to demonstrate a network. This network will be among the pool of potential contractors and negotiators at their tables.
Government: John Fallon, Chief executive of Pearson, occupied senior communications and public policy roles in the British and UK local governments. David Arculus, non-executive director of Pearson, served from 2002 to 2006 as chairman of the British government’s Better Regulation Task Force, which worked on “reducing burdens on business.”
Publishing: Two board members, John Fallon and Will Ethrige have significant ties to the publishers Prentice Hall/Random House, Little Brown and Co., Addison Wesley, and CourseSmart. Will is a board member and former chairman of the Association of American Publishers (AAP) and board chairman of CourseSmart, a consortium of electronic textbook publishers. On John Fallon’s first day as the new Chief Executive of Pearson on January 1, 2013, Pearson announced a merger with Penguin Random House, where John Fallon was the former director. No surprise since, the centralization of corporate power is key to monopolizing the new educational markets.
Financial Advising: I expected financial investors to be guiding the process of the educational takeover because they probably provide the financial risk management advising to determine and organize the legal chess moves required to legally takeover a public institution. (No surprise that many board members have connections to pharmaceutical industry as a model, but those connections are below.) I found Pearson’s board top heavy in this regard, including connections to Fidelity, CitiCorp, Citibank, Citigroup, McKinsey & Company, Liechtenstein Global Trust, Hundred Group of Finance Directors, and the U.K.’s Financial Reporting Council, to name just a handful. A look at the boards that the Pearson board serves on shows likely suspects in media, marketing and electronics like Time Warner, BMG, Sony, Racal Electronics and Bertelsmann. John Fallon has significant ties to the Bertelsmann Corp. Bertelsman is a German multinational mass media, broadcasting and publishing corporation reporting 16 billion in consolidated revenue, who has regularly participated in joint ventures with Time Warner, Sony, BMG, according to their 2012 Annual Report. Such associations, like those with mass media giants, shows whose fat fingers are in the pie prior to public input to this publically funded enterprise.
Here’s how Pearsons board’s experience divides up:
Glen Richard Moreno is not only the Deputy Chairman of Pearson but the Deputy Chairman of the U.K.’s Financial Reporting Council whose 2011-2012 annual report states they provide high quality corporate governance with areas of expertise in the actuarial/auditing/ accounting maneuvers often known as the “risk-management” required to make it through the legal system. Moreno is a non-executive director of Fidelity International Limited, whose website describes their bottom line as “Our investment process take environment, social and governance issues into account when, in our view, these have a material impact on either investment risk or return.” Moreno is also a former executive or board member associated with Fidelity International, Citigroup, Citibank, CitiCorp, Lloyds TSB Bank, Lloyds Banking Group PLC, Bank of Scotland, HBOS PLC, Fidelity Corp, Prince of Liechtenstein, Man Group PLC, Toolex International NV, LGT Gruppe Stiftung, and Liechtenstein Global Trusts. It is worth noting that Liechtenstein is the largest privately owned private banking and asset management group in Europe.
Robin Freeston, Pearson’s Chief Financial officer, occupied senior financial positions with pharmaceutical giants. He joined Pearson in 2004 as deputy chief financial officer and became chief financial officer in June 2006. Robin qualified as a chartered accountant with Touche Ross (now Deloitte), and is currently a non-executive director and founder shareholder of eChem Limited. Deloitte is audit, financial advisory and risk management firm. eChem Limited is a chemical manufacturer for process industries, construction, plastics and surface coatings. Robin sits on the Institute of Chartered Accountants (ICAEW), Financial Reporting Committee and is chairman of the Hundred Group of Finance Directors, which is a group of British financial directors operating as an unofficial mouthpiece of the finance function of the FTSE-100. The FTSE helps investors worldwide make informed investment decisions and benchmark the performance of their investments.
David Arculus, Non-executive Director, Chairman of the remuneration committee and member of the audit and nomination committees of Pearson. David has experience in banking, telecommunications and publishing in a long career in business. Currently he is chairman of Numis Corporation plc, which describes itself as a “leading independent investment banking and broking group.” David is also the chairman of the Advisory Board of the British Library. David’s previous roles include the chairmanship of O2 plc, Severn Trent plc and IPC Group, as well as chief operating officer of United Business Media plc and group managing director of EMAP plc. David served from 2002 to 2006 as chairman of the British government’s Better Regulation Task Force, which worked on reducing burdens on business.
Sir Michael Barber, Chief Education Advisor Pearson. Prior to Pearson, he was a Partner at McKinsey & Company and Head of McKinsey’s global education practice.
Mass Media and Technology
Clearly technology and mass media are key to connecting the current age’s informational systems and transmitting them to youth. New Penguin/Random House Board, of which John Fallon, Chief Executive Officer is a board members, boasts Markus Dohle, Dr. Thomas Rabe, Dr. Judith Hartmann, Dame Gail Rebuck and Dr. Thomas Hesse, all of whom occupy high ranks in Bertelsmann. Markus Dohle who was most recently Chairman and CEO of Random House, has been an Executive Board member of Bertelsmann since 2008. Bertelsman is a German multinational mass media, broadcasting and publishing corporation reporting 16 billion in consolidated revenue, who has regularly participated in joint ventures with Time Warner, Sony, BMG, according to their 2012 Annual Report. Such associations, like those with mass media giants, shows whose fat fingers are in the pie prior to public input to this publically funded enterprise.
Power Industry & Pharmaceutical Giants
I can only hypothesize the payoff for energy giant’s, like BP, Vallorec, eChem and Powergen, mining corporations, and manufacturers for brand name products, and phone giants, like Nokia and V, and pharmaceutical’s like the GE owned Amersham, PLC, ICI PLC, Zeneca and Henkel UK.
John Fallon, Chief executive of Pearson, was a former communication specialist for power plant construction/engineering corporation, named Powergen in Glenwood Springs, Colorado. Powergen, it should be noted, “has contributed to the success of over 100 power plant and fuel conversion projects” and “provides technical services of experienced engineers and technicians to assure transition from construction to commercial operation,” including fuel conversion projects that include coal, wood, gas, wind, agricultural waste, oil and refuse-fired electrical generating and cogenerating plants. Vivienne Cox is a Pearson Non-executive Director, Senior independent director and member of the audit, remuneration and nomination committees. Cox was newly appointed Chairman of the Supervisory Board of Vallourec in Boulogne, France, which makes tubular structures for energy companies. Prior to that, she was BP’s executive vice president and chief executive of BP’s Gas, Power & Renewables business and ran BP’s commodity derivatives trading team. Robin Freeston, Pearsons’ Chief Financial officer, was a group financial controller of Amersham plc, a pharmaceutical giant now part of General Electric, and occupied senior financial positions with ICI plc, Zeneca and Henkel UK. Zeneca was a multinational pharmaceutical company headquartered in London, UK, which was formed by the demerger of the pharmaceuticals and agrochemical businesses of Imperial Chemical Industries, according to the Independent., until Zeneca merged with Astra to become the largest-ever European merger, according to the BBC news. Imperial Chemical Industries was acquired by Akzo Nobel NV in January of 2008. Henkel UK “operates worldwide with leading brands and technologies in Laundry & Home Care, Beauty Care, and Adhesive Technologies.”
Vivienne Cox, sits on the board of INSEAD: The Business School for the World, which describes itself as “one of the world’s leading and largest graduate business schools.” Linda Lorimer, Non-executive Director has a deep background in education strategy, administration and public affairs. She is vice president of Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut.
New Educational Service Industry
The plan to replace public education with new schools requires an organized strategy of educational services. Joshua Lewis, a non-executive director at Pearson is the founder of Salmon River Capital LLC, a New York-based venture capital firm focused on technology-enabled businesses in education. Joshua Lewis is on the board of the NewSchools Venture Fund and attended the 2011 NewSchools Venture Fund Summit. He has long been active in the non-profit education sector, with associations including New Leaders and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. I began to footnote each organization’s url address on the NewSchools Venture Fund Summit’s attendee list. Notice that almost all the websites look similarly, with African-American children and often, white teachers.
All of these corporate entities have the “market freedom” to form relationships that would otherwise demonstrate conflicts of interest in public education, non-bid contracts, and deny academic freedom.